Patient Education: Understanding and Managing Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease where the cornea thins and bulges into a cone shape, causing vision distortion. It typically starts in adolescence or early adulthood. The exact cause is unclear but includes genetic factors, chronic eye rubbing, biochemical imbalances, and systemic conditions. LASIK eye surgery, which reshapes the cornea, can also increase the risk of keratoconus in some individuals.
Management by Optometrists
Optometrists play a crucial role in managing keratoconus through:
1.Regular Monitoring and Diagnosis: Using corneal topography to detect and track changes in corneal shape.
2.Non-Surgical Interventions:
•Glasses and Contact Lenses: Correcting vision with glasses, soft lenses, RGP lenses, hybrid lenses, or scleral lenses.
3.Surgical Options:
•Corneal Cross-Linking (CXL): Strengthens corneal tissue to halt disease progression.
•Intacs: Corneal inserts that flatten the cornea.
•Corneal Transplantation: Replacing the damaged cornea in severe cases.
4.Lifestyle Adjustments: Advising patients to avoid eye rubbing and manage allergies to prevent further damage.
Effective management involves early detection, personalized treatment plans, and regular follow-ups to maintain optimal visual health.
Do visit us to find out how to get better vision if your have keratoconus. We will be able to help.

Leave a Reply